Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

MindHeal
 
Plans & Payment
Call Us
Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment
Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment Video Chat Online Consultation Online Courses Online Payment
 
Goitre

Definition

Goiter is the enlargement of the thyroid gland and is not cancerous. A person with goiter can have normal levels of thyroid hormone (euthyroidism), excessive levels (hyperthyroidism) or levels that are too low (hypothyroidism).

The thyroid is a gland, shaped like a butterfly, located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. If the thyroid gland grows larger than normal the patient has a condition known as goiter. Goiters are generally painless; however, if the gland gets very large the patient may have problems swallowing properly, and may also develop a cough.


Classification / Types of Goitre

They can be classified in several ways by morphology, appearance, cause and other characteristics.

  • Non-Toxic
    • Simple (struma diffuse)
    • Multinodular (struma nodosa)
    • Uninodular (struma uninodosa)
  • Toxic
    • Diffuse (Graves)
    • Toxic multinodular
    • Toxic nodule
  • Special
    • Cancer
    • Thyroiditides
    • Inflammatory
  • Various causes
    • Chronic infection
    • Actinomycosis
    • Amyloidosis

Other type of classification

  • Class I - palpation struma - in normal posture of the head, it cannot be seen; it is only found by palpation.
  • Class II - the struma is palpative and can be easily seen.
  • Class III - the struma is very large and is retrosternal; pressure results in compression marks.

Signs and symptoms of Goitre

Goiter associated with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism may present with symptoms of the underlying disorder although the symptoms are often unspecific and hard to diagnose.

Goiter not associated with hormonal abnormalities will not cause any symptoms aside from the presence of anterior neck mass. However, for particularly large masses, compression of the local structures may result in difficulty in breathing or swallowing. In those presenting with these symptoms, malignancy must be considered.

Toxic goiters will present with symptoms of thyrotoxicosis such as palpitations, hyperactivity, weight loss despite increased appetite, and heat intolerance.

Causes of Goitre

Worldwide, the most common cause for goiter is iodine deficiency. Selenium deficiency is also considered a contributing factor. In countries that use iodized salt, Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause. Further causes include

  • thyroid autonomy
  • autoimmune conditions of the thyroid (Hashimoto thyroiditis, Morbus Basedow)
  • medications and substances such as lithium, antithyroid agents, thyocyanate
  • inflammations (thyroiditis)
  • cysts
  • benign and malignant neoplasms
  • pituitary problems
  • acromegaly
  • thyroid hormone insenstitvity
  • sarcoidosis, amyloidosis
  • hydatiform mole

   Abscess and Boils
   Acnes
   Adenoids
   ADHD
   Allergic Rhinitis
   Allergy
   Alopecia Areata
   Alopecia Totalis
   Alzheimer
   Amenorrhea
   Anaemia
   Anal Fistula
   Anal Skin Tag
   Ankylosing Spondylitis
   Anxiety Neurosis
   Asthma
   Atherosclerosis
   Atopic Dermatitis
   Autism
   Backache
   Bedwetting
   Behavioural Problem
   Bells Palsy
   Bipolar Disorder
   Bone Tumor
   Bowel Thickening
   Bronchitis
   Calcaneal Spur
   Cancer
   Cerebral Palsy
   Cervicle Spondylitis
   Coma
   Constipation
   Crohn
   Corns
   CRPS
   Cystic Fibrosis
   Dandruff
   Dementia
   Dengue
   Depression
   Diabetes Type 1
   Diabetes Type 2
   Diarrhoea
   Diplopia
   Deviated Nasal Septum
   Downs Syndrome
   Drug Addiction
   Dysmenorrhea
   Dyslexia
   Dysmenorrhea
   Dystonia
   Eczema
   Epilepsy
   Epistaxis
   Erectile Dysfunction
   Female Infertility
   Fever
   Fissure in Ano
   Fibroadenoma of Breast
   Frequent Cold
   Frozen Shoulder
   Gall Stone
   Guillain Barre Syndrome
   Generalised Weakness
   Glaucoma
   Glossitis
   Goitre
   Gout
   Hair Fall
   Hemangioma
   Hepatitis-B
   Hepatitis-C
   Hernia
   Herpes
   HIV
   Hydrocephalus
   Hyperlipidemia
   Hypertension
   Hyperthyroidism
   Hypochondriasis
   Hypotension
   Hypothyroidism
   Hysteria
   Hysteria
   Irritable Bowel Syndrome
   Ischaemic Heart Disease
   Imbecility
   Insomnia
   ITP
   Keloids
   Kidney Stone
   Lazy Eye
   Learning Disability
   Leprosy
   Leucorrhoea
   Lichen Planus
   Lipoma
   Low Confidence
   Lumbar spondylosis
   Malaria
   Male Infertility
   Meningioma
   Menorrhagia
   Mental Retardation
   Migraine
   Molluscum contagiosum
   Multiple Myeloma
   Multiple Sclerosis
   Mumps
   Muscular Dystrophy
   Myasthenia Gravis
   Myths Facts
   Necrosis of Joints
   Nephrotic Syndrome
   Non Healing Ulcer
   Obesity
   OCD
   Oligospermia
   Osteo Arthritis
   Pancreatitis
   Paralysis
   Parkinson
   Paronychia
   PCOD
   Pemphigus
   Peptic Ulcer
   Premature Graying of Hair
   Phobias
   PID
   Piles
   Pleurisy
   Plica Polonica
   Pneumonia
   Polyps
   Proctitis
   Prostate Enlargement
   Prostatitis
   Psoriasis
   Renal Artery Stenosis
   Raynauds
   Recurrent Abortion
   Reflux Oesophagitis
   Renal Failure
   Retinal Detachment
   Rheumatoid Arthritis
   RSD
   Sciatica
   Seborrhic Dermatitis
   Sepsis
   Shingles
   Sickle Cell Anaemia
   Sinusitis
   Skin Pigmentation
   Spermatorrhea
   Sterility
   Tenia Versicolor
   Thalassemia
   Tinnitus
   Tonsillitis
   Trigeminal Neuralgia
   Tuberculosis
   Typhoid
   Ulcerative Colitis
   Urinary Tract Infection
   Urticaria
   Uterine Fibroid
   Varicose Veins
   Vocal Cords Nodules
   Vertigo
   Vitiligo
   Warts


 Videos  |  Case Studies  |  Profile  |  Blog 
 
 
 Home  |  About Us  |  Videos  |  Case Studies  |  International  |  Profile  |  Blog  |  Contact Us