Tuberculosis is caused by the infectious agent known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). This rod-shaped bacterium is also called as Koch's bacillus.
• These bacteria are a small, slow-growing which live only in people and not in other animals, insects, soil, or other nonliving things.
• These are an aerobic (needs oxygen to survive) bacteria, due to this reason, in active TB disease, bacterial complexes are always found in the upper air sacs of the lungs.
Infection spreads when person breaths bacterial contaminated air. The bacteria can remain dormant (asleep) for years and not cause any TB disease. This is called latent TB infection. People who have latent TB infection do not get sick and do not spread the bacteria to others. But, some people with latent TB infection eventually do get TB disease.
So it is important to get the appropriate treatment and get rid of the bacteria even in latent TB infection.
TB Disease :
For someone to develop active TB disease, the following two things should be there:
1. The bacteria enter the body and cause an infection.
2. The immune system cannot stop the TB bacteria from growing and spreading after the initial infection.
• One in ten people infected with TB bacteria develop active TB disease at some point in their lives.
• The active bacteria multiply and destroy the tissue.
• A person with TB disease shows variable symptoms depending on where the TB bacteria are growing.
• In most cases, the bacteria attack the lungs.
• TB is primarily an airborne disease.
• The bacteria are spread from person to person in tiny microscopic droplets while coughing, sneezing, speaking, singing, or laughing.
• Only people with active TB can spread the disease to others.
• People with TB who have been treated with the correct drugs for at least 2 weeks, can not spread the disease to others.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
The following are some of the symptoms of Tuberculosis:
Early symptoms of active TB:
Symptoms may be vague, however, and go unnoticed by the affected person
• weight loss
• night sweats
• loss of appetite.
• For some, the disease either goes into remission (halts) or becomes chronic and more debilitating with cough, chest pain, and bloody sputum (saliva).
• Symptoms vary, depending upon the organ or area affected.
• CBC, ESR
• Tuberculin test
• Sputum test (zn staining)
• Sputum culture
Homeopathic treatment for Tuberculosis
• As per the severity and type (multi drug resistant tuberculosis-MDR), an appropriate antibiotic treatment (anti koch’s treatment) is provided.
• Role of diet, vitamins and other accessory modes will be decided as per a type, severity, response and other underlying factors.
• Successful treatment of TB depends on close cooperation between patient and healthcare provider.
• Treatment usually combines several different antibiotic drugs that are given for at least 6 months, sometimes for as long as 12 months.
Treated cases on Tuberculosis