It is an inflammation and ulceration of the lining of the large intestine.
The large intestine (colon) is 6-7 feet in length. The caecum and appendix are situated in right lower portion of the abdomen. Large intestine then extends upward (this portion being called as ascending colon), then takes a turn and passes across (portion called as transverse colon) and then goes down wards (descending colon). At the end of descending colon, portion of large intestine which look like alphabet S is called as sigmoid colon which opens into rectum. The main function of the colon is to absorb water from the processed food residue that arrives after the nutrients have been absorbed in the small intestine. The last part of the colon is the rectum, which is a reservoir for feces. Faeces are stored here until a bowel movement occurs.
The patients of ulcerative colitis have swelling along with ulcers located in their colon and rectum.
Broadly speaking it is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It comes under chronic inflammatory condition of digestive tract. Another condition under this category is Crohn’s disease which commonly attacks the small intestine in contrast to ulcerative colitis, which attacks mainly the large intestine.
Ulcerative colitis: Its types:
The inflammation rarely affects the small intestine except for the lower section, called the ileum. Depending upon which portion of intestine is most affected by UC, it is put under various types as follows.
Entire colon - Pancolitis
Rectum - Proctitis
Sigmoid colon - Sigmoiditis
Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis
The following are some of the symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis :
Inside the large intestine, the inflammation of the inner lining (mucosa) causes death of the colon lining cells and this results in sores or ulcers. Also the inflammation makes the colon to empty frequently resulting in diarrhea. As the lining of the colon is destroyed, ulcers form releasing mucus, pus and blood.
How common is the condition:
Ulcerative colitis affects people of all ages, but at large it is the disease of young adults. Most cases of UC are diagnosed in people between the ages 15 to 40 years. However, children as small as few months old and older people sometimes develop the disease.
It appears to run in families.
Homeopathic treatment for Ulcerative Colitis
Constitutional and miasmatic treatment helps to give good results in inflammatory bowel disease
Treated cases on Ulcerative Colitis